“For beginners-top 12 programming languages that stay for long”.
Programming language contains a wide range of binary operations, Basically programming languages are updated according to the need of work.
However, Software developers use different languages and codes to frame technology. For the beginner who aims to develop software must know the top programming languages that mostly used to design software.
Here we enlist the top 12 most popular programming languages used to develop software, gadgets, and application in present and in future also.
Top 12 Programming Languages 2019: Used by Developers
One software is a bunch of different programming languages. Let’s see top Programming languages used in many programmes.
Now you can build full creative pages, mobile app, and real-time networking application chats and video streaming services and games too.
Next programming language is Python.
2. Python Programming Language
Python is a general-purpose language for both desktops as well as web application. Moreover, it can be used to develop a complex scientific and numeric application. Like graphical user interface for desktop and mobiles.
This language has a different design outlook that improvises code readability via using significant white spaces. It provides all the possibilities that facilitate clear programming on all scales.
Python is a high-level programming language and allows you to focus on the core functionality of the application by managing the common programming task.
Python is an object-oriented programming language with dynamic feature and dominates other programming languages too. The most probable reason for its popularity is, it is easy to read and simple to write.
Furthermore reasons are, it has a rich and supportive community, open source and availability, standard libraries, cross-platform languages.
According to the IEEE spectrum’s fifth annual ranking, Python is the most popular programming language. The Python language is used by 32% to 35% of developers The career opportunities in Python is also increased by 40%.
Moving on to another programming language that is Java
3. Java Programming Language
Java has almost completed 22 years as a programming language. It is used by millions of developers and billions of devices over the world. It is able to run on any hardware and operating system using Java Virtual Machine.
Basically, Java is a General purpose programming language specifically designed for few implementations. It is a class-based and object-oriented computer programming language.
Almost all android apps are based on Java and 90% Fortune 500 companies use Java as a server side.
One of the reasons for Java language popularity is platform independence. Any program can run on different sets of the computer as far as a computer has JRE(Java Runtime Environment) installed.
Since Java is had a long time in programming language most of the large organization like Banks, retailers, insurance companies are built by using Java programming.
However, Java is used to develop applications and platforms for many devices, For example, medical monitoring devices, parking meters, lottery terminals and smartphones, Computers, laptops gaming console, Blu-ray, car navigation.
Read More About- Java GUI Framework And Other Applications Of Java
Furthermore, Java programming is also used to create dynamic programmes embedded within the web pages. These programmes are known as applets and can be used to display weather, games, maps or other interactive tools on a web page.
Let’s move to another popular programming language i.e C#-
4. C# Programming Language
One more general-purpose language includes strong typing, declarative, functional object and component-oriented programming art.
C# is also known as C Sharp. It is approx syntactical similar to Java. C# was developed by Microsoft and it is used in all product of Microsoft. Mainly C# programming language is used to develop desktop applications and the most recent desktop application is Windows 8 and 10.
Also, it is part of .NET so it uses adjacent languages. For example, ASP in applications and web development. C# is also an object-oriented and prime language of Microsoft. It is also used for a wide range of enterprise application that runs on the .NET.
Besides, C# has a major rise in popularity because of the Unity engine(Using it as a Scripting language). It is not limited to the Microsoft .NET Framework. It is also used for Windows applications and Android iOS applications with the Xamarin technology.
Next name in top programming languages is PHP
5. PHP Programming Language
PHP(hypertext preprocessor)language is a widely used programming language for web development. It also can insert in HTML to interact with the MySQL database. PHP is an open-source general-purpose scripting language.
The PHP script can be used for many operating systems like Linux, UNIX, Solaris, Microsoft Windows, MAC OS and many others. However, it also supports a web server like Apache and IIS.
It consists of different programmes and converts source codes into human readable codes such format that easier for the computer to read. It creates files that form web pages and display content on the World Wide Web.
The language is specifically designed for web development and almost 75% of websites use PHP programming.
Move on to the next language from popular programming list is Rust.
6. Rust Programming Language
Basically, Rust is the systems coding language mean to substitute a lot of C and C++ development. That’s why this language is growing rigorous among web developers. It is a multi-pattern web programming language.
Rust programming language is more focused on safety. So, it’s compiler supports memory safety and makes the programming language safe. These elements are part of the core Rust language. But, in fields such as installed development, it’s a priority to do things. For example, set a structure at an address that describes a set of hardware records.
However, Rust is count in the latest programming languages still other tech companies like Dropbox and Coursera are going to use Rust programming internally.
Next programming language is Ruby-
7. Ruby Programming Language
The tagline for Ruby is “a programmer’s best friend”. Ruby is an example of the most loved programming languages. It has less complex designed and simple to use by developers. More about Ruby is, it is a general-purpose, object-oriented, defined and reflective computer programming language.
Ruby is a high-level programming language which achieves a lot with a simple line of code. Which sometimes takes effort which makes Ruby relatively passive in terms of ability in comparison with other popular languages. Still, it heightens productivity.
The codes of Ruby almost look like plain English sentences. So. this can be the choice to start learning a programming language.
Ruby is famous for its Ruby and Rails Framework. This embeds all Ruby’s idea into a potential tool for the web.
Let’s see another language in the top programming language list and that is Swift.
8. Swift Programming Language
Swift is compile general-purpose and differently pattern programming language developed by Apple Inc.
Basically, it is a mobile language develope by Apple INC for iOS, macOS, tvOS, Linux and Z/OS. It is designed to work on Apple’s Cocoa and cocoa touch framework. Swift is one of the latest and fastest growing programming languages.
Its development is done with the open source LLVM compiler framework. And also add-on in Xcode since version 6. It uses the Objective-C runtime library which allows C, Objective-C, C++ and swift code to run in one programme.
Swift is a relatively new programming language launched by Apple in 2014. It is generally favored by the developer and most loved language for apple.
Another programming language of 2019 is Kotlin.
9. Kotlin Programming Language
Kotlin is statically typed cross-platform general-purpose computer programming language. The language is designed to interoperate with Java.
After a struggle of almost 5-year Kotlin launched a production-ready version 1.0 in February year 2016. Google provide first class support to Kotlin in the year 2017.
However, one of the uses of Kotlin is in Android apps development and this makes it more popular.
Move on to next- Elixir programming language
10. Elixir Programming Language
Elixir is emerging programming languages. It has a bright future in this field. Elixir is another general purpose coding language work to develop a scalable and maintainable application. It compiles to bytecode that runs Erlang Virtual Machine.
Erlang VM come out from the telecom industry. Primarily, It is work to develop the web application by using Cowboy(Bare-bones HTTP server), or Phoenix( a full-featured web application framework). Also, by using Nerves framework it creating steam in embedded hardware space.
11. Crystal Programming Language
Crystal is another emerging coding language that aspires to convey C-like performance into the profoundly abstracted world of web developers. This is beam at the Ruby community, with a syntax similar to Ruby’s and at times, identical to it.
Besides, large no Ruby based startups are still growing. Crystal can play an important role to improve their performance. It is also an object-oriented general purpose programing language.
The last language is the list is ELM.
12. Elm Programming Language
We have enlisted all programming languages that are running on top in 2019 and also the emerging languages that have a bright future in the coding world.
So you can select any of language and start learning it from now.
Hope the article helped and share your views in the Comment section.