Best Python GUI Framework 2019.

Best Python GUI Framework|Toolkits 2019

Programming Languages

“Creating best Python GUI in a Python programming is difficult but not impossible”. As off- we have enlisted the best 10 python GUI framework that is Tkinter, Kivy, PyQT, WxPython, Libavg, PySide, PyGUI, Pyforms, Wax Python GUI. All these python GUI is used in many applications.

We all are aware of how important a language is! As off – to proceed a communication with anyone we need a language, even when we are working with technology certain languages are used to instruct the devices and programs.

For Instance; Computers, Websites, Mobile Apps are the live instances of programming language applications.

However, in accordance with Google – there are approx 256 programming languages which are classified on the basis of the alphabetical order. Among the countless, most popular programming languages are discussed as follow: Python, PHP, JavaScript, Java, TypeScript, C#, Elixir, Rust, Swift, Go etc..

programming-languages

Python is one of the broadly used programming languages. According to a survey, approx 4.3 million Python developers are available.  This stats shows the popularity of Python programming. In most of the computer science programs across the US, Python popularity is the preferred programming language they teach.

Moreover, It has a broad range of applications from Web development to desktop Graphical User Interfaces(GUI). Python GUI Framework encourages us to learn more about Python programming.  Let’s move on and discuss the Python language.

First, we define Python programming. Let’s look forward to the topic.

What is Python programming

Python language

Python Script is one of the simple and dynamic, powerful, high-level computer programming languages for general purpose programming. Comparatively, it is easy to learn than other programming languages and effortlessly readable. Its commands are just like English which make it easy to adapt and execute.

Python’s codes are easy to read syntax that reduces the cost of program resources. It carries modules and packages, which supports program modularity and code reuse. The exponent and the huge standard library of Python are present in source or binary form without charging for other major platforms and can be freely shared.

On recent learning Python for Android is a good thought. Even Google also uses python as primary language in many Google tools. Let’s have an overview of the history of Python language-

History of Python Language

History of Python

Van Rossum is the father of Python language. In the early 1980s, he is working on ABC language and late 1980s he started looking for a scripting language with syntax like ABC. So you can say that it was ABCs influence that led to the design and development of Python programming language.

The first version of the Python is introduced in 1991. Moreover, the story behind the name of the language is quite interesting. The name of the language is Python not because of the snake. This name is because the Van Rossum is a huge fan of the show called “Monty Python’s Fly circus”. Son the name of the Python language is inspired by the show.

The first version of Python programming language is 1.0 launched in 1991. Now the evaluation of Python is reached up to 3.6 till 2016

A Timeline Of  Different Versions of Python Programming Language
Python Version Year of Release Python Version Year of Release Python Version Year of Release
Python 1.0 Jan-1994 Python 2.3 Jul-2003 Python 2.7 Jul-2010
Python 1.5 Dec-1997 Python 2.4 Nov-2004 Python 3.2 Feb-2011
Python 1.6 Sep-2000 Python 2.5 Sep-2006 Python 3.3 Sep-2012
Python 2.0 Oct-2001 Python 2.6 Oct-2008 Python 3.4 Mar-2014
Python 2.1 Apr-2001 Python 3.0 Dec-2008 Python3.5 Sept-2015
Python 2.2 Dec-2001 Python 3.1 Jun-2009 Python 3.6 Dec-2016

If you are a beginner, want to make your career in IT domain and python language is really your passion then this will be the best option to learn Python basics. To clear other doubts about Python let’s know about its advantage-

Why we use python programming

All the programming language are interesting to learn let’s see the advantages that Python language have.

  • The Python language is a free and open source. That’s why the developer doesn’t need to pay for anything.
  • It is compatible with the maximum number of platforms. So programmer encounters less problem than other languages.
  • Python supports object and procedure-oriented programming. In object-oriented programming, the developers utilize objects that are based on data and functionality. In Procedure-oriented developers applies reusable parts of codes.
  • Python association has built a huge collection of several libraries for Python. And it helps you to maintain documentation. Also, you can manage to perform unit testing, web browsers, emails, databases, Cryptographic, GUI(Graphical User Interface).
  • You can migrate a Python programme from one platform to another and can run it without making any change. It supports almost all platforms like Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
  • Moreover, you can combine pieces of C/C++ or other languages with Python code without any difficulty. This will bring high scripting capacity in your programming performance.

The next thing we discuss is the Graphical User Interface(GUI)

What is the Graphical User Interface (GUI)

According to the definition of GUI, It is an interface through which a user communicates with electronic devices like computers, mobiles, and other devices. This interface utilizes symbols, icons, menus, and other graphics to display information. Related users control the text-based interface, where commands and data are in text form.

GUI representations can be managed and can be manipulated by a pointing device such as a mouse in computers and finger on a touchscreen.

The need for the GUI framework is very justified. Because in the first Computer the text interface is created by the keyboard. The command given by keyboard to initiate responses from a computer needs exact spelling which creates difficulties and inappropriate interface.

Python helps the programmers to overcome this issue. It has various options for GUI Frameworks. Let’s move onto a more interesting part- The Python GUI frameworks.

As said before, Python GUI has a variety of frameworks which complements all platforms. It gives you the cross-platform framework and platform-specific framework. Now explore the top Python GUI framework in 2019.

Best Python GUI Framework in 2019

It’s a great and interesting task of creating Python user interface for any application. To proceed with building python GUI you need toolkits. Python has a variety of toolkit that is used for mobile applications, web application, and desktop application user interface. Here we have the list of all GUI toolkit exist for Python-

  1. Tkinter
  2. KIVY
  3. PyQT
  4. WxPython
  5. Libavg
  6. PySide
  7. PyGUI
  8. Pyforms
  9. Wax Python GUI
  10. PySimpleGUI

Best Python GUI Framework infographic

Let’s have a look on Python GUI builder toolkit. Which gives you a Python simple GUI.

#1. Tkinter

Tkinter can be marked as standard GUI framework in Python. The Python in a bind with TK language and creates a  simple Python GUI. Tkinter is the most commonly used GUI apps in Python.

The advantage of Tk that it is included with the Python Standard library. Due to this, Tk is always a convenient and compatible toolkit for the programmer to work with. Creating a GUI via Tkinter is not much difficult.

It’s a four-step process goes smoothly if you are brilliant in Python Language.

Create a Tkinter GUI follow the step

  1. To start firstly Import the module – Tkinter
  2. Create the main window which is done by two methods.
  3. When the main window is created add number of widgets to it.
  4. Implement the function trigger on the widgets.

There are two methods used in programming while creating Python GUI via Tkinter.

Let’s discuss them one by one.

Method #1

Tkinter offers a method to create the main window.  That method is as follows

Tk(screenName=None,  baseName=None, className=’Tk’,  useTk=1)

Here in the code class name represent the window name. The basic code used to create the foremost window of the application is

M=tkinter.Tk()                                              M= main window name

Now, we come to the second method

Method #2

The name of the method is mainloop(). The method is used when you are ready to run the application. Mainloop() contains an infinite loop that makes an application run.  The code for mainloop() is-

m.mainloop()
import tkinter

m = tkinter.Tk()

”’

widgets are added here

”’

m.mainloop()

Tkinter also gives the path to the geometric arrangement of the widgets So you can arrange the widgets in the main windows. And this is defined into three geometry manager classes Which are as follows-

  1. pack() Method- Arranges the widgets in blocks before locating it in the parent widget.
  2. grid() Method-  Setup widget in the table like structure called grid on the main widget.
  3. place() method: Sets widget with specific positioning directed by the programme.

That’s all in Tkinter graphical user interface framework. Let’s move on to the next application that is Kivy.

#2. KIVY

The Kivy GUI frameworks are more interesting Python projects as it is MIT-Licenced and based on OpenGL ES 2. OpenGL ES 2 was the first mobile graphics API and still the most available 3D graphics API. Kivy is an open Source Python library used to create a new user interface and for rapid development of web applications.

Kivy GUI framework is created around the main loop which makes it compatible for game development. this application is designed and maintained professionally and mainly used as commercial products. This framework is stable with Kivy’s graphics engine and uses modern & fast graphics pipelines.

Kivy Python GUI builder supports almost all platforms like Windows, Linux, OS X and Android. To get an overview on how to create GUI via Kivy look forward in the article.

Note: To create GUI via Kivy a suitable version of Python should be installed in your system. Click for –Python Download

Furthermore, install Kivy in your system. Let’s see how it goes-

Kivy Installation: In windows

  • Before installing Kivy update the pip and wheel.
python -m pip install –upgrade pip wheel setuptools
  • Install dependencies

python code

  • Finally, install Kivy
python -m pip install kivy

Let’s see the Kivy installation method in Linux

Install Kivy: In Linux

The process of installing Kivy in Linux is slightly different for the window system.

  • In Linux add PPA using the command given below
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kivy-team/kivy
  • Then renew your package list using your package manager
sudo apt-get update

Finally, install Kivy in Linux by the below-written line of code.

sudo apt-get install python3-kivy

Steps of creating a Python Kivy GUI

Its three-step process of creating a Kivi Python GUI.

  1. Derive Kivy’s App – It represents the window for our widgets.
  2. Formulate build() method- It will represent the Content of widgets.
  3. Lastly, Run the programme by calling run() method.

That’s all in Kivy frameworks. Next example of Python framework is PyQT.

#3. PyQT

PyQt is a Python UI framework for Qt, one of the popular for cross-platform GUI framework application written in C++ language and owned by Nokia. It is Qt binding, developed by Riverbank Computing Limited. PyQT supports Windows, OS X, Linux,  iOS, and Android. The PyQT has two editions one is PyQT4 built against QT 4.x. Another is PyQT5 built against QT 5.x.

Both the edition compatible with Python 2 and 3. Its license is under GPL version 3. You can try its free version but some of the features are not available in it. Moreover, if the application you are Working on is open-source then you will use PyQT with a Free license. PyQT combine the best of both QT and Python and prove itself as a Graphical User Interface. Sometimes it is more than a Python GUI toolkit.

Now, we will give you an overview of creating PyQT python GUI application. It follow certain steps let’s see the step.

The first step is to install PyQT 5 in your system-

Install PYQT5: In Windows:

Use the below-written code to install PyQT in your windows system

pip install pyqt5

Install PyQT: In Linux

sudo apt-get install python3-pyqt5

Moving on, the advantage for PyQT. It doesn’t require codes to create forms, buttons, text boxes etc. So It is simpler too because the chances of putting wrong codes are finished.  Let’s take an example and create the signup.

Sign up image (1)

To start the process. open the ‘Qt Designer Window’ followed by selecting the ‘Main’ Window and then click on ‘Create’. Drag the edges and set the preferred size of the window.

Drag the edges

Now we come to the layout of signup window. For this create a visual blueprint of signup page in your brain. Going with the basics. The requirements of a signup page are three text boxes, one button and the third one is the text labels (Signup label, UserName label, Password and Confirm Password label).

Find those widgets in ‘Widget Tool Box’ and drag the required menu and drop on the working window or the main Window.

Widget Tool Box

Set the appearance of the widget or the window. Right click on the widget and select ‘Change StyleSheet’. Get a preview of changes by clicking ‘ctrl+R’.

ui extension

Moving to the last, Save the files. The file will be saved in .ui extension And you need to convert it to .py extension. For this conversion open terminal and move to the folder that contains the layout.ui file.

Now type ‘pyuic5 -x layout.ui -o layout.py’ on the terminal. Lastly, Run the layout.py via Python.

Moving on another GUI framework called WxPython

#4. WxPython

One more name in the list of best Python GUI framework is WxPython. It is a cross-platform graphical user interface in Python programming language. This toolkit allows the programmers to create a highly effective, functional graphical user interface.

It is fast easy and simple. WxPython is achieved as a part of the Python extension module that binds the GUI elements of the famous wxWidget cross-platform library. And these elements are written in C++ language.

WxPython is open source. The source code is available to look and modify as needed. It also allows the volunteer to contribute fixes or improvement to the design. Now, we discuss the installation of WxPython-

Before installing WxPython to create a graphical user interface download the appropriate version of Python. The mostly use version of Python that able to bind with wxPythone are 2.6 and 2.7. The working is still on to run the WxPython in Python 3.0 version.

Install WxPython GUI: In Linux

To install WxPython in Linux open the terminal and search for ‘wx gtk’ and install and run the programme.

Install WxPython GUI: In Windows

  • Before installation updates the pip and wheel.
python -m pip install –upgrade pip wheel setuptools
  • Install WxPython use the command
pip install -U wxPython

And you are done with the WxPython Installation.

#5. Libavg

Libavg is written in C++ and documented from Python. It Uses OpenGL and makes hardware acceleration. Because of this its most of the properties of display components is a Python variable, full-featured event handling system, timers and more is like Python.

It’s also an open source GUI supports Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows. Libavg is licensed under LGPL(Lesser General Public License). This graphical user interface framework has artistic executions and an extensive range of features. Like layout engine that can deal with many objectives, fast video outputs, GPU( Graphics processing unit) shader effects, system markup for displaying text.

A multitouch game on a big screen is an example of Python Libavg GUI.  Let’s move on the Libavg installation in your system.

Before you start to download the Python version 2.7. Because of Libavg support this version of Python.

Libavg Installation: In Mac

The Mac installer is an official DMG (Disk iMaGe). The steps of installation are as follows:

  1. The first step is to download Disk image
  2. Followed by a double to mount it
  3. Again Double Click the pkg file to start the installer
  4. Follow the instruction you get after starting the installer.

To run the tests open the command line given below:

$ cd /Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/libavg/avg/test/

$ ./Test.py

Here you get lots of test images and other things also.

Ran 273 tests in 11.231s

OK

Libavg GUI Installation: In Linux

First, go for the already available ubuntu package. If the package ‘sudo apt-get install python-libavg’ of Ubuntu is outdated then download the tarball and do source install.

Libavg GUI Installation: In Windows

Firstly download Python 2.7 version in your system then download the Visual C++ runtimes.

In the second step download the CMU 1394 DIgital Camera Driver and the Libavg installer.

Add the command to access average utilities

C:\Python27\scripts

Execute the test by using the commands given below.

C:\> cd \Python27\lib\site-packages\libavg\test

C:\…\> c:\Python27\python Test.py

Now run the test.

Ran 273 tests in 11.231s

OK

#6. PySide

PySide is a Python binding for QT side. It is a Python extension or API for QT which is probably industry standards for user interface development for cross-platform. So you can actually run your graphical user interface using PySide in Windows, Mac and Linux without changing your source code much. That is a great advantage.

PySide and PyQT are approximately the same. The only difference is the way they are open source and licensed. PySide is comparatively lenient than the other Python GUI builder. So, if you trying to make a program that you want to use professionally or sale so our suggestions to go with Pyside. To go with PySide select the Python version 2.7 or 2.8.  Now, move on to PySide installation in the different devices.

Install PySide: In Mac

Firstly install or create QT 4.8 or use the below-written code to install-

$ brew install qt

Install wheel by pip that is Python package manager. Use the code written below

$ pip install -U PySide

Install PySide: In windows

To install PySide in windows follow the step

  • Firstly install the pip(python packages manager). Use the code to do so
pip install -U PySide
  • Now use the code to install PySide in your system.
easy_install -U PySide

Install PySide in Linux

Follow the step to download Pyside in Linux

  • First, install build dependencies.
pip install -U PySide
  • Now install latest Python package manager called pip distribution. Download get-pi and run the Python interpreter of your Python version. Use the command given below for the Python version 2.7.
$ wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py

$ sudo python2.7 get-pip.py

  • At last, install latest wheel distribution-
$ sudo pip2.7 install wheel

#7. PyGUI

PyGUI is a cross-platform GUI framework application. It supports Unix, Macintosh, and Windows. In Comparison with other frameworks, PyGUI is lightweight since the API is purely in sync with Python. The code embedding within the GUI program and Python application are very less. That’s why the appearance of the application usually presents the actual GUI of the platform.

The father of PyGUI is Dr. Greg Ewing. They developed this when he is in the University of Canterbury with the objective to generate a GUI API which specifically designed for Python. The purpose is to make Python’s unique language feature and a Graphical User Interface which run smoothly with Python data types. For newcomers of this field, this GUI framework is simple and swift to learn.

#8. Pyforms

One of the latest Python GUI is Pyforms. It is python 3 frameworks used to execute in Windows GUI mode. Basically, it is a cross-platform framework with minimal codes. Pyforms is modular and encourages code reusability.

However, Pyforms belongs to PyQt, OpenGL and other libraries also. It offers a comprehensive set of 22 controls each based on ControlBase object. Furthermore, It includes video players, web browser and OpenGL

#9. Wax Python GUI

Wax is one of the GUI toolkits use in developing and modifying the user interface application. Actually, the motive of wax GUI toolkit is to complete the features as compared to WxPython. Wax is easy to use and user-friendly also.

#10. PySimpleGUI

PySimpleGUI is based on Tkinter and works only on Python3. It contains a single file of python due to which it is easy to install and work with. The python Gui is easy to code, use and customize. This cross-platform also runs in Raspberry Pi.

Here we end the Python GUI tutorial!

Conclusion:

The ‘Graphical User Interface’ is an important part of any Digital product. It makes communication between a human and the digital product. So, take your time when you are selecting a GUI builder because it values your work.

We have enlisted the best Python GUI framework for you. Hope you like the list. Please like and share the content with others also. Don’t forget to use the comment box. We will love to hear from you.

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