Python is one of the broadly used programming languages. According to a survey, approx 4.3 million Python developers are available. This stats shows the popularity of Python programming. In most of the computer science programs across the US, Python popularity is the preferred programming language they teach.
Moreover, it has a broad range of applications from Web development to desktop Graphical User Interfaces(GUI). Python GUI Framework encourages us to learn more about Python programming.
For Instance; computers, websites, mobile apps are the live instances of programming language applications.
Python is the most used and comfortable language for the program. “Creating best Python GUI in a Python programming is difficult but not impossible”. As of- we have enlisted the 10 best python GUI framework|toolkit that is Tkinter, Kivy, PyQT, WxPython, Libavg, PySide, PyGUI, Pyforms, Wax Python GUI. All these python GUI is used in many applications.
First, we define Python programming. Let’s look forward to the topic.
What is Python programming
Python Script is one of the simple and dynamic, powerful, high-level computer programming languages for general purpose programming. Comparatively, it is easy to learn than other programming languages and effortlessly readable. Its commands are just like English which makes it easy to adapt and execute.
Python’s codes are easy to read syntax that reduces the cost of program resources. It carries modules and packages, which supports program modularity and code reuse. The exponent and the huge standard library of Python are present in source or binary form without charging for other major platforms and can be freely shared.
The benefit of python is, it is more as an interpreter than a compiler. An interpreter works exactly the same as compiler except one. A compiler generates code and the interpreter loads the output in memory and executes it directly on the system. So, the function of the interpreter with python language increases its utility and popularity.
History of Python Language
Van Rossum is the father of Python language. In the early 1980s, he is working on ABC language and the late 1980s he started looking for a scripting language with a syntax like ABC. So you can say that it was ABCs influence that led to the design and development of Python programming language.
The first version of the Python is introduced in 1991. Moreover, the story behind the name of the language is quite interesting. The name of the language is Python not because of the snake. This name is because the Van Rossum is a huge fan of the show called “Monty Python’s Fly circus”. Son the name of the Python language is inspired by the show.
The first version of Python programming language is 1.0 launched in 1991. Now the evaluation of Python is reached up to 3.6 till 2016-
|A Timeline Of Different Versions of Python Programming Language|
|Python Version||Year of Release||Python Version||Year of Release||Python Version||Year of Release|
|Python 1.0||Jan-1994||Python 2.3||Jul-2003||Python 2.7||Jul-2010|
|Python 1.5||Dec-1997||Python 2.4||Nov-2004||Python 3.2||Feb-2011|
|Python 1.6||Sep-2000||Python 2.5||Sep-2006||Python 3.3||Sep-2012|
|Python 2.0||Oct-2001||Python 2.6||Oct-2008||Python 3.4||Mar-2014|
|Python 2.1||Apr-2001||Python 3.0||Dec-2008||Python3.5||Sept-2015|
|Python 2.2||Dec-2001||Python 3.1||Jun-2009||Python 3.6||Dec-2016|
If you are a beginner, want to make your career in IT domain and python language is really your passion then this will be the best option to learn Python basics. To clear other doubts about Python let’s know about its advantage-
Why we use Python programming
All the programming language are interesting to learn let’s see the advantages that Python language have.
- The Python language is a free and open source. That’s why the developer doesn’t need to pay for anything.
- It is compatible with the maximum number of platforms. So a programmer encounters fewer problems than other languages.
- Python supports object and procedure-oriented programming. In object-oriented programming, the developers utilize objects that are based on data and functionality. In procedure-oriented developers applies reusable parts of codes.
- Python association has built a huge collection of several libraries for Python. And it helps you to maintain documentation. Also, you can manage to perform unit testing, web browsers, emails, databases, Cryptographic, GUI(Graphical User Interface).
- You can migrate a Python program from one platform to another and can run it without making any change. It supports almost all platforms like Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
- Moreover, you can combine pieces of C/C++ or other languages with Python code without any difficulty. This will bring high scripting capacity in your programming performance.
The next thing we discuss is the Graphical User Interface(GUI)
What is the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
According to the definition of GUI, it is an interface through which a user communicates with electronic devices like computers, mobiles, and other devices. This interface utilizes symbols, icons, menus, and other graphics to display information. Related users control the text-based interface, where commands and data are in text form.
GUI representations can be managed and manipulated by a pointing device such as a mouse in computers and a finger on a touchscreen.
The need for the GUI framework is very justified. Because in the first computer the text interface is created by the keyboard. The command given by keyboard to initiate responses from a computer needs exact spelling which creates difficulties and inappropriate interface.
Python helps the programmers to overcome this issue. It has various options for GUI Frameworks for developers. Let’s move onto a more interesting part- The Python GUI frameworks.
As said before, Python GUI has a variety of frameworks that complements all platforms. It gives you the cross-platform framework and platform-specific framework. Now explore the top 10 Python GUI framework in 2019 for upcoming developers.
Best Python GUI Framework in 2019
It’s a great and interesting task of creating a Python user interface for any application. To proceed with building python GUI you need toolkits. Python has a variety of toolkit or you can say python GUI frameworks that are used create the user interface for mobile applications, web applications, and desktop applications. Here we have the list of top 10 GUI toolkit|framework for Python that software developers use-
Let’s have a look at Python GUI builder toolkit. Which gives you a Python simple GUI.
Tkinter can be marked as a standard and reliable GUI toolkit in Python GUI library. The Python in a bind with TK language and become a creator simple Python GUI. Among the other Python GUI toolkit, Tkinter is the most commonly used GUI framework in Python.
The advantage of Tk that it is included with the Python Standard library. Due to this, you don’t need to install it, Tk is always a convenient and compatible toolkit for the developers to work with. Creating a GUI via Tkinter is not much difficult.
It’s a four-step process that goes smoothly if you are brilliant in Python Language.
Create a Tkinter GUI follow the step
- To start firstly Import the module – Tkinter
- Create the main window which is done by two methods.
- When the main window is created add number of widgets to it.
- Implement the function trigger on the widgets.
There are two methods used in programming while creating Python GUI via Tkinter.
Let’s discuss them one by one.
Tkinter offers a method to create the main window. That method is as follows
|Tk(screenName=None, baseName=None, className=’Tk’, useTk=1)|
Here in the code class name represent the window name. The basic code used to create the foremost window of the application is
|M=tkinter.Tk() M= main window name|
Now, we come to the second method
The name of the method is mainloop(). The method is used when you are ready to run the application. Mainloop() contains an infinite loop that makes an application run. The code for mainloop() is-
m = tkinter.Tk()
widgets are added here
Tkinter also gives the path to the geometric arrangement of the widgets So you can arrange the widgets in the main windows. And this is defined into three geometry manager classes which are as follows-
- pack() Method- Arranges the widgets in blocks before locating it in the parent widget.
- grid() Method- Setup widget in the table like structure called grid on the main widget.
- place() method: Sets widget with specific positioning directed by the program.
So, now you can add a number of widgets that you can put in your Tkinter application some of the examples with syntax is given below-
|Button||Add button in Your application||w=Button(master,option=value)|
|Canvas||To draw design and complex layouts||w=Canvas(master, option=value)|
|CheckButton||Use to select the number of option||w=CheckButton(master, option=value)|
|Entry||The button used for single line text entry from the user||w=Entry(master, option=value)|
|Frame||A boundary that contains widgets. used for grouping and organizing widgets||w=Frame(master, option=value)|
|Label||Displays box where you can insert text||w=Label(Master, option=value)|
|MenuButton||Top manus stays on the window for all time||w=MenuButton(Master, option=value)|
|Menu||Create all kind of menu with this syntax||w=Menu(master, option=value)|
|Massage||To create multiline no editable text||w=Message(master, option=value)|
|Scale||add select to give choice in different value||w=Scale(master, option=value)|
Here master is used for the parent window
That’s all in Tkinter graphical user interface framework. Let’s move on to the next application that is Kivy.
Kivy GUI frameworks are more interesting Python projects as it is MIT-Licenced and based on OpenGL ES 2. OpenGL ES 2 was the first mobile graphics API and still the most available 3D graphics API. It is an open source Python library used to create a new user interface and for the rapid development of web applications.
Kivy one of the best GUI library for Python that is created around the main loop which makes it compatible for game development. This application is designed and maintained professionally and mainly used as commercial products. This framework is stable with Kivy’s graphics engine and uses modern & fast graphics pipelines.
Kivy Python GUI builder supports almost all platforms like Windows, Linux, OS X and Android. Moreover, Kivy is a more useful Gui library because it uses the same codes for mobile and desktop applications. Furthermore, Kivy is an opensource python GUI toolkit that is used for mobile application and other multi-touch applications. To get an overview of how to create GUI via Kivy look forward to the article.
Note: To create GUI via Kivy a suitable version of Python should be installed in your system. Click for –Python Download
Furthermore, install Kivy in your system. Let’s see how it goes-
Kivy Installation: In windows
- Before installing Kivy update the pip and wheel.
|python -m pip install –upgrade pip wheel setuptools|
- Install dependencies
- Finally, install Kivy
|python -m pip install kivy|
Let’s see the Kivy installation method in Linux
Install Kivy: In Linux
The process of installing Kivy in Linux is slightly different for the window system.
- In Linux add PPA using the command given below
|sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kivy-team/kivy|
- Then renew your package list using your package manager
|sudo apt-get update|
Finally, install Kivy in Linux by the below-written line of code.
|sudo apt-get install python3-kivy|
Steps of creating a Python Kivy GUI
Its three-step process of creating a Kivi Python GUI.
- Derive Kivy’s App – It represents the window for our widgets.
- Formulate build() method- It will represent the Content of widgets.
- Lastly, Run the program by calling run() method.
That’s all in Kivy frameworks. Next example of Python framework is PyQT.
PyQt is a Python UI framework for Qt, one of the popular for cross-platform GUI framework application written in C++ language and owned by Nokia. It is Qt binding, developed by Riverbank Computing Limited. PyQT supports Windows, OS X, Linux, iOS, and Android. The PyQT has two editions one is PyQT4 built against QT 4.x. Another is PyQT5 built against QT 5.x. However, it is mostly used for desktop applications.
Both the edition compatible with Python 2 and 3. Its license is under GPL version 3. You can try its free version but some of the features are not available in it. Moreover, if the application you are Working on is open-source then you will use PyQT with a Free license. PyQT combines the best of both QT and Python and proves itself as a Graphical User Interface. Sometimes it is more than a Python GUI toolkit.
Now, we will give you an overview of creating a PyQT python GUI application. It follows certain steps let’s see the step.
The first step is to install PyQT 5 in your system-
Install PYQT5: In Windows:
Use the below-written code to install PyQT in your windows system
|pip install pyqt5|
Install PyQT: In Linux
|sudo apt-get install python3-pyqt5|
Moving on, the advantage of PyQT. It doesn’t require codes to create forms, buttons, text boxes, etc. So It is simpler too because the chances of putting wrong codes are finished. Let’s take an example and create the signup.
To start the process. open the ‘Qt Designer Window’ followed by selecting the ‘Main’ Window and then click on ‘Create’. Drag the edges and set the preferred size of the window.
Now we come to the layout of the signup window. For this create a visual blueprint of signup page in your brain. Going with the basics. The requirements of a signup page are three text boxes, one button and the third one is the text labels (Signup label, UserName label, Password and Confirm Password label).
Find those widgets in ‘Widget Tool Box’ and drag the required menu and drop on the working window or the main Window.
Set the appearance of the widget or the window. Right click on the widget and select ‘Change StyleSheet’. Get a preview of changes by clicking ‘ctrl+R’.
Moving to the last, Save the files. The file will be saved in .ui extension And you need to convert it to .py extension. For this conversion open terminal and move to the folder that contains the layout.ui file.
Now type ‘pyuic5 -x layout.ui -o layout.py’ on the terminal. Lastly, Run the layout.py via Python.
Moving on another GUI framework called WxPython
One more name in the list of best Python GUI framework is WxPython. It is a cross-platform graphical user interface in Python programming language. This toolkit allows the programmers to create a highly effective, functional Python user interface.
It is fast easy and simple. WxPython is achieved as a part of the Python extension module that binds the GUI elements of the famous wxWidget cross-platform library. And these elements are written in C++ language.
WxPython is an open source. The source code is available to look and modify as needed. It also allows the volunteer to contribute fixes or improvements to the design. Now, we discuss the installation of WxPython-
Before installing WxPython to create a python user interface download the appropriate version of Python. The mostly use the version of Python that able to bind with wxPythone are 2.6 and 2.7. The working is still on to run the WxPython in Python 3.0 version.
Install WxPython GUI: In Linux
To install WxPython in Linux open the terminal and search for ‘wx gtk’ and install and run the programme.
Install WxPython GUI: In Windows
- Before installation updates the pip and wheel.
|python -m pip install –upgrade pip wheel setuptools|
- Install WxPython use the command
|pip install -U wxPython|
And you are done with the WxPython Installation.
Libavg is written in C++ and documented from Python. It Uses OpenGL and makes hardware acceleration. Because of this its most of the properties of display components is a Python variable, full-featured event handling system, timers and more is like Python.
It’s also an open source GUI supports Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows. Libavg is licensed under LGPL(Lesser General Public License). This Python user interface framework has artistic executions and an extensive range of features. Like layout engine that can deal with many objectives, fast video outputs, GPU( Graphics processing unit) shader effects, system markup for displaying text.
A multitouch game on a big screen is an example of Python Libavg GUI. Let’s move on the Libavg installation in your system.
Before you start to download the Python version 2.7. Because of Libavg support this version of Python.
Libavg Installation: In Mac
The Mac installer is an official DMG (Disk iMaGe). The steps of installation are as follows:
- The first step is to download Disk image
- Followed by a double to mount it
- Again Double Click the pkg file to start the installer
- Follow the instruction you get after starting the installer.
To run the tests open the command line given below:
|$ cd /Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/libavg/avg/test/
Here you get lots of test images and other things also.
|Ran 273 tests in 11.231s
Libavg GUI Installation: In Linux
Libavg GUI Installation: In Windows
Firstly download Python 2.7 version in your system then download the Visual C++ runtimes.
In the second step download the CMU 1394 DIgital Camera Driver and the Libavg installer.
Add the command to access average utilities
Execute the test by using the commands given below.
|C:\> cd \Python27\lib\site-packages\libavg\test
C:\…\> c:\Python27\python Test.py
Now run the test.
|Ran 273 tests in 11.231s
PySide is a Python binding for QT side. It is a Python extension or API for QT which is probably industry standards for user interface development for cross-platform. So you can actually run your graphical user interface using PySide in Windows, Mac and Linux without changing your source code much. That is a great advantage.
PySide and PyQT are approximately the same. The only difference is the way they are open source and licensed. PySide is comparatively lenient than the other Python GUI builder. So, if you trying to make a program that you want to use professionally or sale so our suggestions to go with Pyside. To go with PySide select the Python version 2.7 or 2.8. Now, move on to PySide installation in the different devices.
Install PySide: In Mac
Firstly install or create QT 4.8 or use the below-written code to install-
|$ brew install qt|
Install wheel by pip that is Python package manager. Use the code written below
|$ pip install -U PySide|
Install PySide: In windows
To install PySide in windows follow the step
- Firstly install the pip(python packages manager). Use the code to do so
|pip install -U PySide|
- Now use the code to install PySide in your system.
|easy_install -U PySide|
Install PySide in Linux
Follow the step to download Pyside in Linux
- First, install build dependencies.
|pip install -U PySide|
- Now install latest Python package manager called pip distribution. Download get-pi and run the Python interpreter of your Python version. Use the command given below for the Python version 2.7.
|$ wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py
$ sudo python2.7 get-pip.py
- At last, install latest wheel distribution-
|$ sudo pip2.7 install wheel|
PyGUI is a cross-platform GUI framework application. It supports Unix, Macintosh, and Windows. In Comparison with other frameworks, PyGUI is lightweight since the API is purely in sync with Python. The code embedding within the GUI program and Python application are very less. That’s why the appearance of the application usually presents the actual GUI of the platform.
The father of PyGUI is Dr. Greg Ewing. They developed this when he is in the University of Canterbury with the objective to generate a GUI API which specifically designed for Python. The purpose is to make Python’s unique language feature and a graphical user interface that run smoothly with Python data types. For newcomers of this field, this GUI framework is simple and swift to learn.
One of the latest Python GUI is Pyforms. It is python 3 frameworks used to execute in Windows GUI mode. Basically, it is a cross-platform framework with minimal codes. Pyforms is modular and encourages code reusability.
However, Pyforms belongs to PyQt, OpenGL and other libraries also. It offers a comprehensive set of 22 controls each based on ControlBase object. Furthermore, It includes video players, web browser and OpenGL
#9. Wax Python GUI
Wax is one of the GUI toolkits use in developing and modifying the Python user interface application. Actually, the motive of wax GUI toolkit is to complete the features as compared to WxPython. Wax is easy to use and user-friendly also. Wax python has a value top on the Wx Python as it has enhanced features.
PySimpleGUI library is based on Tkinter and works only on Python3. It contains a single file of Python due to which it is easy to install and work with. The Python Gui is easy to code, use and customize. This cross-platform also runs in Raspberry Pi.
Here we end the Python GUI tutorial!
The ‘Graphical User Interface’ is an important part of any Digital product. It makes communication between a human and a digital product. So, take your time when you are selecting a GUI builder because it values your work.
We have enlisted the best Python GUI framework for you. I hope you like the list. Please like and share the content with others also. Don’t forget to use the comment box. We will love to hear from you.
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