Java is one of the famous and object-oriented programming languages used to develop digital applications. It has some syntax from C and C++ language but has a simpler modal. Although, it’s not an easy language to understand. But, due to its efficacy, there are many Java GUI frameworks used to write a web application, mobile apps and REST APIs that run on the Java virtual machine.
Java is originally designed for interactive television but at that time it is too advance for the digital television industry. However, Java frameworks support to focus on the business logic of your app besides writing basic functionality.
So, let’s have a look at the Java graphical user interface frameworks-
Best Java GUI Framework
Java programming is a requirement of now and in the coming time also. so if you are also on the track of developing an application from java programming and looking for the Best java GUI Framework that for your project then check out the list of Java UI that frequently use by developers and select one which one is best for you-
1. JavaFX GUI Toolkit
JavaFX is the latest graphical user interface framework. It is a platform for making a really amazing looking GUI application. To make a GUI program with JavaFX you don’t need to install it. It comes with all recent version of JDK(Java Development Kit) package.
Eventually, Oracle supports JavaFX strongly with Java 8 and the latest version is JavaFX 8. It supports Lambdas in simplifying user interface programming significantly.
Basically, JavaFX is a software platform mostly used to develop and deliver a desktop application. Moreover, it creates rich internet application that can run in various devices, For example, mobile phones, TVs, tablets, etc
2. AWT: Abstract Widget Toolkit
AWT is Java’s original and independent platform for windowing, graphics, and user-interface widget tool kit. Now, it is part of Java Foundation Classes(JFC) and assists as a standard API for graphical user interface programming.
Moreover, AWT has a native user interface components, robust event-handling model, imaging and graphics tools, with shape color and font types, a layout manager for flexible window layout and data transfer classes through native platform clipboard.
3. Swing GUI Java
Swing GUI Java is a lightweight toolkit that includes a strong set of widgets. It is the choice of framework use to create a new application. However, the Swing library is developed on top of the Java Abstract Widget Toolkit (AWT), an older, platform dependent GUI toolkit. You can use the Java GUI elements like button, textbox, etc. from the library and do not have to create the elements from scratch.
Swing Java GUI is rich in many components still it lacking in some areas.
4. SWT- Standard Widget Toolkit
Standard widget toolkit or SWT is created by IBM for eclipse use in computer programming and is the most widely utilize Java IDE). It is analogous to Swing and AWT. Furthermore, SWT is a widget toolkit for Java designed to offer quality and portable access to the user interface in the eclipsed platform operating system.
Moreover, Eclipse is an integrated development environment
5. Apache Pivot
Apache Java GUI is an opensource platform for developing installable internet applications. Moreover, it combines with the robustness of the Java platform to enhance the utility and productivity of the modern user interface.
SwingX Java Gui is based on Swing. Basically, it is an extension by the Folks(Works in Swing team). SwingX creates a rich component for technologies that are created by the swing team.
Furthermore, the interesting fact with SwingX API is, it uses painters. It enables you to use Java2D code to quickly define the look of your component.
JGoodies java GUI framework offers free service and products for Java desktop developers. It focuses on Java user interface design. However, JGoodies provide complete assistance like training, libraries, desktop patterns, design templates everything that you need to create a java user interface.
Jambi is Java binding to the cross-platform Qt library. It’s a way to use Qt with Java Programming language. Moreover, Qt Jambi ca also be used for other Qt libraries also.
Other Applications of Java
User interface development is one kind of Java Application. There are other applications also. Let’s see the other application of java-
- Mobile application
- Embedded Systems
- Web Applications
- Enterprise Applications
- Scientific Applications
- Web Servers and Application Servers
Let’s take a look at each application of Java-
1. Mobile application
ME(Micro Edition) is the Mobile edition that presents an adjustable, secure condition for building and accomplishing applications that target mobile devices.
Furthermore, Applications developed by Java ME are movable, secure and have native capabilities of the device. However, the approach of Java ME is to challenge the running application on devices, occupy is less available memory, display, and power.
2. Embedded Systems
Embedded systems are the component of larger electromechanical systems doing dedicated tasks. Moreover, the latest example of the Java Embedded system is SIM Cards, blue-ray disk players, television and utility meters, etc..
Furthermore, several embedded systems have no conventional user interface: no keyboard, no mouse, and no display. However, these systems react to sensor inputs, such as thermometers and accelerometers. And a headless system that connects to a network can operate a web server and provide a web-based UI(user interface).
3. Web Applications
Java offers complete support for web application through Servlets, struts or JSP. However, Java programming provides higher security which enables to create large number of government application for health, social security, education, and insurance.
It’s also developing an eCommerce web application using open-source for example Broadleaf.
4. Enterprise Applications
Java EE is a popular platform of Java Enterprise edition gives API and run-time environment for writing and running enterprise software. Thus, enterprise application involves network applications and web services.
5. Scientific Applications
Java is part of many software and application development that is use in the scientific calculation and mathematical operations. These programs are fast, secure portable and have low maintenance.
4. Web Servers and Application Servers
Today, the Java ecosystem contains various Java web servers and application servers. Besides, web server space is dominated by Apache Tomcat, simple, Jo!, Rimfaxe, etc.
However, a server is a tool or you can say a computer program that receives, accept and respond to the request made by other programs or say, a client. Web server and Application server are two types of server.
A web server has only servlet container and the web server work in website hosting. While Application server includes web and EJB containers.
I hope you like the article please like and share the knowledge with others also.