Java GUI Framework And Other Applications Of Java

Java GUI framework and Other Applications Of Java

Programming Languages

Java is one of the famous and object-oriented programming languages used to develop digital applications. It has some syntax from C and C++ language but has a simpler modal. Although, it’s not an easy language to understand. But, due to its efficacy, there are many Java GUI frameworks used to write a web application, mobile apps and REST APIs that run on the Java virtual machine. And also we will talk about the Java Web frameworks used to make web applications.

Java is originally designed for interactive television but at that time it is too advance for the digital television industry. However, Java frameworks support to focus on the business logic of your app besides writing basic functionality.

So, let’s have a look at the Java graphical user interface frameworks-

Best Java GUI Framework

Best java GUI Framework

Java programming is a requirement of now and in the coming time also. so if you are also on the track of developing an application from java programming and looking for the Best java GUI Framework that for your project then check out the list of Java UI that frequently use by developers and select one which one is best for you-

1. JavaFX GUI Toolkit

JavaFX is the latest graphical user interface framework. It is a platform for making a really amazing looking GUI application. To make a GUI program with JavaFX you don’t need to install it. It comes with all recent versions of the JDK(Java Development Kit) package.

Eventually, Oracle supports JavaFX strongly with Java 8 and the latest version is JavaFX 8. It supports Lambdas in simplifying user interface programming significantly.

Basically, JavaFX is a software platform mostly used to develop and deliver a desktop application. Moreover, it creates rich internet application that can run in various devices, For example, mobile phones, TVs, tablets, etc

JavaFX Features

  • Library
  • FXML
  • Scene Builder
  • Web View
  • Make In UI controls
  • CSS like styling
  • Canvas API
  • Graphics Pipeline
  • High-performance media engine

2. AWT: Abstract Widget Toolkit

AWT is Java’s original and independent platform for windowing, graphics, and user-interface widget tool kit. Now, it is part of Java Foundation Classes(JFC) and assists as a standard API for graphical user interface programming.

Moreover, AWT has a native user interface components, robust event-handling model, imaging and graphics tools, with shape color and font types, a layout manager for flexible window layout and data transfer classes through native platform clipboard.

AWT Hierarchy

AWT Hierarchy

AWT Example

Make an easy AWT example, so you require a frame. There are two methods to make a frame in AWT.

  • With extending frame class, inheritance.
  • With making the object of frame class, association.

3. Swing GUI Java

Swing GUI Java is a lightweight toolkit that includes a strong set of widgets. It is the choice of framework use to create a new application. However, the Swing library is developed on top of the Java Abstract Widget Toolkit (AWT), an older, platform-dependent GUI toolkit. You can use the Java GUI elements like button, textbox, etc. from the library and do not have to create the elements from scratch.

Swing Java GUI is rich in many components still it lacking in some areas.

 GUI hierarchy

Swing GUI hierarchy

Swing GUI Example

Make an easy AWT example, so you require a frame. There are two methods to make a frame in AWT.

  • With extending frame class, inheritance.
  • With making the object of frame class, association.

You can write the code of swing within the main(), constructor or any other way.

4. SWT- Standard Widget Toolkit

Standard widget toolkit or SWT is created by IBM for eclipse use in computer programming and is the most widely utilize Java IDE). It is analogous to Swing and AWT. Furthermore, SWT is a widget toolkit for Java designed to offer quality and portable access to the user interface in the eclipsed platform operating system.

Moreover, Eclipse is an integrated development environment

5. Apache Pivot

Apache Java GUI is an opensource platform for developing installable internet applications. Moreover, it combines with the robustness of the Java platform to enhance the utility and productivity of the modern user interface.

6. SwingX

SwingX Java Gui is based on Swing. Basically, it is an extension by the Folks(Works in Swing team). SwingX creates a rich component for technologies that are created by the swing team.

Furthermore, the interesting fact with SwingX API is, it uses painters. It enables you to use Java2D code to quickly define the look of your component.

Features Of SwingX

  • Lightweight- Swing part of free of native OS API as swing API control is rendered mostly using net JAVA code instead of major OS calls.
  • Rich Controls- Swing gives a rich set of advanced controls like a tree, TabbedPane, slider controls, etc.
  • Highly Customizable- It can be customized in a very simple method as visual appearance is independent of internal representation.
  • Pluggable look and feel- It is based on GUI application look and feel can be replaced at run time based on available values

7. JGoodies

JGoodies java GUI framework offers free service and products for Java desktop developers. It focuses on Java user interface design. However, JGoodies provide complete assistance like training, libraries, desktop patterns, design templates everything that you need to create a java user interface.

8. QtJambi

Jambi is Java binding to the cross-platform Qt library. It’s a way to use Qt with Java Programming language. Moreover, Qt Jambi ca also be used for other Qt libraries also.

Now we will talk about the web applications framework. And we can say web framework which develops Web-based applications. Here we have 6 types of web frameworks. So let’s have a look at the list below.

Blade UI Framework

The blade is a simple application java framework that enables you to develop quick web applications in a simple technique. The creators need users to know the entire framework for a single day. Therefore, Blade focuses on simplicity and magnificence. The blade framework follows the MVC code style pattern.

it’s easy to understand design because it does not depend on any third party libraries or introduces several layers. The blade relies on Java 8 and therefore the Netty web server and guide engine are developed into the framework, too.

It is a bottom footprint, and therefore the source code is a smaller amount than 500kb in total. With blade, you have got access to a relaxing vogue routing interface and may deploy your app as a basic genius project.

The blade has developed in security features too, as an example, it comes with cross-site request forgery and XSS cross-site scripting defense. This is a flexible framework because it comes with facilitating plugin extensions and web jar resources.

GWT Framework

The Google web Toolkit is a sensible web framework created by Google. In fact, GWT fulfills the dream of each developer who needs to make Java apps for the web. Because it allows you to write down client-side Java code and deploy it as JavaScript for This framework is pronounced as “gwit,”. And it’s a stable and well-maintained Java framework.

So, you will be able to use GWT rather than client-side JavaScript frameworks that, as you will have already detected, return and continue the market generally astonishingly quickly. GWT offers several advanced options like internationalization, cross-browser portability, UI abstraction, bookmarking, and history management.

Hibernate Framework

Hibernate is a stable object-relational mapping framework that produces higher communication doable between the Java programing language and on-line database management systems (RDBMSs). This provides you with a framework that overcomes the mate issues of Java.

It intends to attain persistence, which means that the info created and used by the applying ought to outlast the method that generated it. whereas Hibernate was engineered for relative databases, its newer versions give support for NoSQL datastores further.

It additionally has glorious developer tools like a mapping editor, a Hibernate console, Associate in Nursingd amazing information reverse engineering tool.

JHipster

JHipster is a newer Java framework released in 2013 that brings the Spring Boot. And therefore the 2 most well-liked front-end frameworks Angular and React along, in one handy application With JHipster. You will be able to quickly generate fashionable Java-based internet applications and microservices.

JHipster combines it with Angular, React, and Bootstrap on the client-side to supply you with a full-stack design. JHipster helps you to choose from 2 fields of study designs. First, you will be able to elect a monolithic design during which the frontend and backend are combined into one application. Second, you will be able to select the microservice design that splits the frontend and backend.

JHipster conjointly integrates with many tools and offers plenty of choices for the consumer and server-side committal to writing, bundling, and completely different DevOps After all, it’s no coincidence leading brands like Adobe, Siemens, Bosch, HBO, and Google use JHipster.

Play Framework

The Play framework makes it doable to create light-weight and web-friendly Java and Scala applications for desktop and mobile interfaces. Play is an associate degree improbable fashionable framework, employes by a corporation like LinkedIn, Samsung, Walmart, The Guardian, Verizon, and plenty of others.

Play is commonly compared to powerful internet frameworks of alternative programming languages, like Ruby on Rails for Ruby, or Django for Python. It additional resembles the net frameworks of scripting languages like PHP, Python, Ruby, etc. The maximum amount as doable.

Play is made on prime of the Akka toolkit that simplifies the creation of synchronic and distributed applications on the Java Virtual Machine. The Play framework puts developer productivity 1st by giving options like hot code reloading, convention over configuration, and error messages within the browser.

Besides, it’s a Reactive System that follows a contemporary system design like responsive, resilient, elastic, and message-driven to realize additional versatile and failure-tolerant

PrimeFaces Java

PrimeFaces is a well-like web framework for making a light-weight user interface for Java appl science and JavaServer Faces see above application. It’s employed by several Fortune five hundred corporations, government entities, and academic establishments. The PrimeFaces library is really light-weight. It’s a package as one JAR file, need zero-configuration, and does not have any dependence.

It permits you to make a programme for your Java application by giving you an upscale set of parts 100+, and intrinsical skinning framework and pre-designed themes The parts escort relevant code snippets you’ll quickly copy/paste into your app—or tweak them once it’s necessary.

For example, there may be a horizontal mega menu that allows you to show submenus of root things along. PrimeFaces additionally has an awful theme designer that may be a Sass-based theme engine with quite five hundred variables, a sample theme, and font icons.

Other Applications of Java

Applications of Java

User interface development is one kind of Java Application. There are other applications also. Let’s see the other application of java-

  1. Mobile application
  2. Embedded Systems
  3. Web Applications
  4. Enterprise Applications
  5. Scientific Applications
  6. Web Servers and Application Servers

Let’s take a look at each application of Java-

1. Mobile application

Java is considered because of the official programming language for mobile app development. This is compatible with software systems like Android Studio and Kotlin. Currently, you need to be speculative on why only Java? the explanation is that this may run on JVM, whereas automaton uses DVK for executing category files.

These files are any bundled as an android application package APK. With java and this OOps principle. It offers smart security as simple simplicity with android.ME(Micro Edition) is the Mobile edition that presents an adjustable, secure condition for building and accomplishing applications that target mobile devices.

Furthermore, Applications developed by Java ME are movable, secure and have native capabilities of the device. However, the approach of Java ME is to challenge the running application on devices, occupy is less available memory, display, and power.

2. Embedded Systems

Embedded systems are the component of larger electromechanical systems doing dedicated tasks. Moreover, the latest example of the Java Embedded system is SIM Cards, blue-ray disk players, television and utility meters, etc..

Furthermore, several embedded systems have no conventional user interface: no keyboard, no mouse, and no display. However, these systems react to sensor inputs, such as thermometers and accelerometers. And a headless system that connects to a network can operate a web server and provide a web-based UI(user interface).

3. Web Applications

Java offers complete support for web applications through Servlets, struts or JSP. However, Java programming provides higher security which enables to create a large number of government applications for health, social security, education, and insurance.

It’s also developing an eCommerce web application using open-source for example Broadleaf.

Benefits Of  Web Application

  • This is allowing multiple users access to the same version of an application.
  • Web Application does not require to be installed.
  • It can be accessed on many platforms. such as the desktop.
  • And also it can be accessed by multiple browsers.

4. Enterprise Applications

Java EE is a  popular platform of Java Enterprise edition gives API and run-time environment for writing and running enterprise software. Thus, enterprise application involves network applications and web services.

5. Scientific Applications

Java is part of many software and application development that is use in the scientific calculation and mathematical operations. These programs are fast, secure portable and have low maintenance.

6. Web Servers and Application Servers

The server is a device that accepts and responds to the request built by other programs, known as a client. This is uses to operate the network resource and for running the program or software, that gives service. So Today, the Java ecosystem contains various Java web servers and java applications servers. Besides, web server space is dominated by Apache Tomcat, simple, Jo!, Rimfaxe, etc.

However, a server is a tool or you can say a computer program that receives, accept and respond to the request made by other programs or say, a client. Web server and Application server are two types of servers.

A web server has only servlet container and the webserver work in website hosting. While Application server includes web and EJB containers.

Web Server Working

This server responds to the client request in either the next two possible methods.

  • That generates a response using the script and communicating by the database.
  • This is sending a file to the client associated with the requested URL

Web Server Working

Example of Web Server

  • This will send to the client by an HTTP Response.

Application Server Working

It given by middleware services for state maintenance and protection by insistence and data access. And this is a component-based product, that lies in the middle-tier of a server-centric architecture.

Application Server Working

Example Of An Application Server

  • It is an open-source server from JBOSS community
  • Glassfish give by Sun Microsystem. Now Acquired with oracle.
  • Weblogic gives with oracle.
  • Websphere gives with IBM.

7. Cloud-Based Applications

Cloud computing means that on-demand delivery of IT resources by the web with pay as you go rank. This provides an answer for IT infrastructure at an occasional value. Java provides you with choices that support you to develop applications that mean that it will be utilized in the SaaS, LaaS and PaaS development.

This may serve the businesses for developing their applications remotely or support companies to share information with others, whatever the required.

Conclusion

Java is moving every field of software development. Java applications and GUI frameworks are required everywhere. Because many people are going to start business and jobs. We should also go by java because of its strong security characteristics as that can run any platform. This is the advantage of java.

This is the most better language in the development of banking applications. Which needed lots of protection care in this field. Java is the top over another programming language. Their lots of jobs in java Domains. That can be used per the business needs. And also we make java applications using Data Science. Many of the people learning java because it is fast in programming languages.

When we require to build a more protect application that is simple scalable. So java applications and frameworks are helping in business and jobs. All people want the web development field. Because the web development field is very demandable at this time.

Java of very popular languages. It has many libraries or modules, packages. This is so fast programming language, and java generally everywhere use like Python GUI, Django Framework so this is the advantage of people.

That’s all!

I hope you like the article please like and share the knowledge with others also.

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