Java GUI Framework And Other Applications Of Java

Java GUI framework and Other Applications Of Java

Programming Languages

Java is one of the famous and object-oriented programming languages used to develop digital applications. It has some syntax from C and C++ language but has a simpler modal. Although, it’s not an easy language to understand. But, due to its efficacy, there are many Java GUI frameworks used to write a web application, mobile apps and REST APIs that run on the Java virtual machine.

Java is originally designed for interactive television but at that time it is too advance for the digital television industry. However, Java frameworks support to focus on the business logic of your app besides writing basic functionality.

So, let’s have a look at the Java graphical user interface frameworks-

Best Java GUI Framework

Best java GUI Framework

Java programming is a requirement of now and in the coming time also. so if you are also on the track of developing an application from java programming and looking for the Best java GUI Framework that for your project then check out the list of Java UI that frequently use by developers and select one which one is best for you-

1. JavaFX GUI Toolkit

JavaFX is the latest graphical user interface framework. It is a platform for making a really amazing looking GUI application. To make a GUI program with JavaFX you don’t need to install it. It comes with all recent version of JDK(Java Development Kit) package.

Eventually, Oracle supports JavaFX strongly with Java 8 and the latest version is JavaFX 8. It supports Lambdas in simplifying user interface programming significantly.

Basically, JavaFX is a software platform mostly used to develop and deliver a desktop application. Moreover, it creates rich internet application that can run in various devices, For example, mobile phones, TVs, tablets, etc

JavaFX Features

  • Library
  • FXML
  • Scene Builder
  • Web View
  • Make In UI controls
  • CSS like styling
  • Canvas API
  • Graphics Pipeline
  • High-performance media engine

2. AWT: Abstract Widget Toolkit

AWT is Java’s original and independent platform for windowing, graphics, and user-interface widget tool kit. Now, it is part of Java Foundation Classes(JFC) and assists as a standard API for graphical user interface programming.

Moreover, AWT has a native user interface components, robust event-handling model, imaging and graphics tools, with shape color and font types, a layout manager for flexible window layout and data transfer classes through native platform clipboard.

AWT Hierarchy

AWT Hierarchy

AWT Example

Make an easy AWT example, so you require a frame. There are two methods to make a frame in AWT.

  • With extending frame class, inheritance.
  • With making the object of frame class, association.

3. Swing GUI Java

Swing GUI Java is a lightweight toolkit that includes a strong set of widgets. It is the choice of framework use to create a new application. However, the Swing library is developed on top of the Java Abstract Widget Toolkit (AWT), an older, platform-dependent GUI toolkit. You can use the Java GUI elements like button, textbox, etc. from the library and do not have to create the elements from scratch.

Swing Java GUI is rich in many components still it lacking in some areas.

 GUI hierarchy

Swing GUI hierarchy

Swing GUI Example

Make an easy AWT example, so you require a frame. There are two methods to make a frame in AWT.

  • With extending frame class, inheritance.
  • With making the object of frame class, association.

You can write the code of swing within the main(), constructor or any other way.

4. SWT- Standard Widget Toolkit

Standard widget toolkit or SWT is created by IBM for eclipse use in computer programming and is the most widely utilize Java IDE). It is analogous to Swing and AWT. Furthermore, SWT is a widget toolkit for Java designed to offer quality and portable access to the user interface in the eclipsed platform operating system.

Moreover, Eclipse is an integrated development environment

5. Apache Pivot

Apache Java GUI is an opensource platform for developing installable internet applications. Moreover, it combines with the robustness of the Java platform to enhance the utility and productivity of the modern user interface.

6. SwingX

SwingX Java Gui is based on Swing. Basically, it is an extension by the Folks(Works in Swing team). SwingX creates a rich component for technologies that are created by the swing team.

Furthermore, the interesting fact with SwingX API is, it uses painters. It enables you to use Java2D code to quickly define the look of your component.

Features Of SwingX

  • Lightweight- Swing part of free of native OS API as swing API control is rendered mostly using net JAVA code instead of major OS calls.
  • Rich Controls- Swing gives a rich set of advanced controls like a tree, TabbedPane, slider controls, etc.
  • Highly Customizable- It can be customized in a very simple method as visual appearance is independent of internal representation.
  • Pluggable look and feel- It is based on GUI application look and feel can be replaced at run time based on available values

7. JGoodies

JGoodies java GUI framework offers free service and products for Java desktop developers. It focuses on Java user interface design. However, JGoodies provide complete assistance like training, libraries, desktop patterns, design templates everything that you need to create a java user interface.

8. QtJambi

Jambi is Java binding to the cross-platform Qt library. It’s a way to use Qt with Java Programming language. Moreover, Qt Jambi ca also be used for other Qt libraries also.

Other Applications of Java

Applications of Java

User interface development is one kind of Java Application. There are other applications also. Let’s see the other application of java-

  1. Mobile application
  2. Embedded Systems
  3. Web Applications
  4. Enterprise Applications
  5. Scientific Applications
  6. Web Servers and Application Servers

Let’s take a look at each application of Java-

1. Mobile application

ME(Micro Edition) is the Mobile edition that presents an adjustable, secure condition for building and accomplishing applications that target mobile devices.

Furthermore, Applications developed by Java ME are movable, secure and have native capabilities of the device. However, the approach of Java ME is to challenge the running application on devices, occupy is less available memory, display, and power.

2. Embedded Systems

Embedded systems are the component of larger electromechanical systems doing dedicated tasks. Moreover, the latest example of the Java Embedded system is SIM Cards, blue-ray disk players, television and utility meters, etc..

Furthermore, several embedded systems have no conventional user interface: no keyboard, no mouse, and no display. However, these systems react to sensor inputs, such as thermometers and accelerometers. And a headless system that connects to a network can operate a web server and provide a web-based UI(user interface).

3. Web Applications

Java offers complete support for web application through Servlets, struts or JSP. However, Java programming provides higher security which enables to create large number of government application for health, social security, education, and insurance.

It’s also developing an eCommerce web application using open-source for example Broadleaf.

Benefits Of  Web Application

  • This is allowing multiple users access to the same version of an application.
  • Web Application does not require to be installed.
  • It can be accessed on many platforms. such as the desktop.
  • And also it can be accessed by multiple browsers.

4. Enterprise Applications

Java EE is a  popular platform of Java Enterprise edition gives API and run-time environment for writing and running enterprise software. Thus, enterprise application involves network applications and web services.

5. Scientific Applications

Java is part of many software and application development that is use in the scientific calculation and mathematical operations. These programs are fast, secure portable and have low maintenance.

4. Web Servers and Application Servers

The server is a device that accepts and responds to the request built by other programs, known as a client. This is utilized to operate the network resource and for running the program or software, that is given services. So Today, the Java ecosystem contains various Java web servers and java applications servers. Besides, web server space is dominated by Apache Tomcat, simple, Jo!, Rimfaxe, etc.

However, a server is a tool or you can say a computer program that receives, accept and respond to the request made by other programs or say, a client. Web server and Application server are two types of server.

A web server has only servlet container and the web server work in website hosting. While Application server includes web and EJB containers.

Web Server Working

This server responds to the client request in either the next two possible methods.

  • That generates a response using the script and communicating by the database.
  • This is sending a file to the client associated with the requested URL

Web Server Working

Example of Web Server

  • This will send to the client by an HTTP Response.

Application Server Working

It given by middleware services for state maintenance and protection by insistence and data access. And this is a component-based product, that lies in the middle-tier of a server-centric architecture.

Application Server Working

Example Of An Application Server

  • It is an open-source server from JBOSS community
  • Glassfish give by Sun Microsystem. Now Acquired with oracle.
  • Weblogic gives with oracle.
  • Websphere gives with IBM.

Conclusion

Java is moving every field of software development. Java applications and GUI frameworks are required everywhere. Because many people are going to start business and jobs. We should also go by java because of its strong security characteristics as that can run any platform. This is the advantage of java.

This is the most better language in the development of banking application. Which needed lots of protection care in this field. Java is the top over another programming language. Their lots of jobs in java Domains. That can be utilized per the business needed. And also we make java application using Data Science. Many of the people learning java because it is fast in programming languages.

When we require to build a more protect application that is simple scalable. So java applications and frameworks are helping in business and jobs. All people want the web development field. Because the web development field is very demandable at this time.

Java of very popular languages. It has many libraries or modules, packages. This is so fast programming language, and java generally everywhere use like Python GUI, Django Framework so this is the advantage of people.

That’s all!

I hope you like the article please like and share the knowledge with others also.

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